Australia has hosted the Summer Olympic games twice: in 1956 in Melbourne and in 2000 in Sydney . Australia finished 3rd and 4th in the respective medal counts. In the Summer Olympics since 2000, Australia has placed 4th, 4th, 6th and 10th* respectively. (* Australia finished in 8th position in 2012 if the redistributed gold medal to Jared Tallent is considered). Given Australia has a population of only around 23 million people (ranked 53rd in the world  ), this fact is frequently cited as noteworthy by the mainstream Australian media due to a strong sporting culture.  Other observers have suggested this may also be a result of the generous funding the Australian Government has invested into elite sports development with the specific intention of improving performance at the Olympic games.   Prior to Montreal, there was no government funding, however.
Animals that inhabit this national park are chipmunks , squirrels , skunks , six species of bats , weasels , coyotes , muskrats , fishers , river otters , beavers , red foxes , mountain goats , martens , bobcats , black bears , Canadian lynxes , moles , snowshoe hares , shrews , and cougars . Whales , dolphins , sea lions , seals , and sea otters swim near this park offshore. Birds that fly in this park including raptors are Winter wrens , and gray jays , Hammond's flycatchers , Wilson's warblers , Blue Grouses , Pine siskins , ravens , spotted owls , Red-breasted nuthatches , Golden-crowned kinglets , Chestnut-backed chickadees , Swainson's thrushes , Red crossbills , Hermit thrushes , Olive-sided flycatchers , bald eagles , Western tanagers , Northern pygmy owls , Townsend's warblers , Townsend's solitaires , Vaux's swifts , band-tailed pigeons , and evening grosbeaks .
The 1978 Amateur Sports Act, requires the United States Olympic Committee and its National Governing Bodies to operate in a non-sex discriminatory manner for each sport. In 1998, the Ted Stevens Olympic and Amateur Sports Act revised the Amateur Sports Act by eliminating the requirement that competing in most international sports required amateur status. It also expanded the role of the United States Olympic Committee (USOC) to include the Paralympic Games and increased athlete representation of women. But unlike Title IX for athletes, this statute provides no legal recourse against the National Olympic Committees (NOCs) for failing to address gender equality issues.